This is a good way for a book to start. I’m not familiar with John Holland, though–probably an advisor or something; I wonder whether he’s written anything.
Reductionism is the most natural thing in the world to grasp. It's simply the belief that "a whole can be understood completely if you understand its parts, and the nature of their 'sum.'" No one in her left brain could reject reductionism. --Douglas Hofstadter, Gödel, Escher, Bach
Hofstadter was Mitchell’s faculty advisor when she was a graduate student at the University of Michigan studying artificial intelligence. I think I’m going to like her.